Majestic beauty and power, a cloud of steam and fog, a sense of danger when you stand on the edge, and over all this a grandeur dazzling rainbow – this is the picture, you can see at Victoria Falls.
Victoria Falls is the only waterfall in the world with a length of more than a kilometer and a height of more than hundred meters. It is also considered to be the largest fall in the world and got declared one of the world`s seven natural wonders and an UNESCO world heritage side.
Mosi-o-Tunya “The smoke that thunders“ – is the name given by local tribes. The noise of Victoria Falls can be heard from a distance of 40 kilometers, while the spray and mist from the falling water is rising to a height of over 400 meters and can be seen from a distance of 50 kilometers.
Falls can be viewed from several points. One of the best vantage points is located on a bridge, called Knife Edge. The Eastern Cataract and the Main Falls as well as the Boiling Pot, where the river turns and heads down the Batoka Gorge, are best visible from the Knife Edge.
The Victoria Falls is located on the fourth largest river in Africa , the Zambezi River, The Zambezi is also defining the border between Zimbabwe and Zambia.
Both Zimbabwe and Zambia allow tourists to do day trips to the Victoria Falls without prior application process. Visas can be obtained at the border posts.
The Falls are 1.7 km wide with a volume of between 20,000 and 700,000 cubic metres per minute falling down a vertical drop of 100 metres.
Interestingly, during the dry season the water level in the Zambezi River drops sharply, and it becomes possible to walk through some parts of the waterfall. However, during the rest of the year Victoria Falls is a roaring machine that strikes anyone with its power. During floods, the water flow capacity reaches half a million liters of water per minute.
The functions of the Victoria Falls are not limited only to being an attraction for million of tourists, it is also very important economically. The waterfall supplies energy to several cities in Zimbabwe and Zambia and opposite the waterfall there is a basalt rock, entirely covered with tropical forest. The forest’s ecosystem depends on the waterfall.
The falls had been there for millions of years. Humans lived around the waterfalls continuously for about two million years. A scottish missionary called David Livingstone was the first white man to view what the locals call ‘Mosi-oa-Tunya’. The experience moved him so much that he famously quoted in his journal ‘on sights as beautiful as this, angels in their flight must have gazed’, and named them 1855 after his reigning monarch, Queen Victoria.
When the moon is full, the sky is relatively clear and the Victoria Falls are at their peak flow, huge rainbows appear through the mist at night. This are the „lunar rainbows“ The thundering sound of millions of litres of water crashing down into the gorges below is pretty impressive in itself. You could never tire of seeing this awesome natural phenomenon. You can book special night trips during the full moon at high water (Jan-May).